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Flavors Of Youth (2018)

The rigorous city life of China, while bustling and unforgiving, contains the everlasting memories of days past. Three stories told in three different cities, follow the loss of youth and the daunting realization of adulthood. Though reality may seem ever changing, unchangeable are the short-lived moments of one's childhood days. A plentiful bowl of noodles, the beauty of family and the trials of first love endure the inevitable flow of time, as three different characters explore the strength of bonds and the warmth of cherished memories. Within the disorder of the present world, witness these quaint stories recognize the comfort of the past, and attempt to revive the neglected flavors of youth.

Flavors of Youth (2018)

FLAVORS OF YOUTH is a trilogy of three separate stories, each set in a different part of China, that explore themes about recovering childhood happiness, learning what's really important in life, and keeping cherished memories close as you move through life. Shaomin looks back on his youth in Hunan province, feeling like dreary life in the big city will never offer the joys he felt as a kid eating rice-noodle bowls with his grandmother. Yi-Lin is a supermodel in Shanghai who takes her younger sister in after their parents die; she loves her sister, but her determination to stay at the top of her profession causes her to lose sight of what really matters. LiMo's life has been filled with regret ever since he let himself drift away from his true love, Shiaoyu. Memories come flooding back as he listens to an old cassette tape Shiaoyu made for him just before they parted ways. Will he ever get a chance to follow his heart?

The first anthology film is also the weakest without question. This short film marks the debut of internet-based filmmaker Yi Xiaoxing, and his inexperience shows. This short movie is about Xiaomin reminiscing about his youth, but mostly monologuing poetically about his love of noodles like its the only reason life is worth living. He expresses his excessive love for noodles to a point it becomes hilarious. Credit to Crispin Freeman who managed to properly portray his character despite the dialogue he was given to work with.

E-cigarettes entered the U.S. marketplace around 2007, and since 2014, they have been the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. youth.2 E-cigarette use among U.S. middle and high school students increased 900% during 2011-2015, before declining for the first time during 2015-2017.3 However, current e-cigarette use increased 78% among high school students during the past year, from 11.7% in 2017 to 20.8% in 2018.4 In 2018, more than 3.6 million U.S. youth, including 1 in 5 high school students and 1 in 20 middle school students, currently use e-cigarettes.4

Many e-cigarettes also come in kid-friendly flavors. In addition to making e-cigarettes more appealing to young people,5 some of the chemicals used to make certain flavors may also have health risks.2 E-cigarettes can also be used to deliver other drugs, including marijuana.2 In 2016, one-third of U.S. middle and high school students who ever used e-cigarettes had used marijuana in e-cigarettes.6

For adults, e-cigarettes may have the potential to reduce risk for current smokers if they completely transition from cigarettes to e-cigarettes; however, a majority of adults who use e-cigarettes also smoke cigarettes.7 For youth, the use of multiple tobacco products puts youth at even greater risk for addiction and tobacco-related harms.1,2 Moreover, a 2018 National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report concluded that there was moderate evidence that e-cigarette use increases the frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking in the future.7 But any e-cigarette use among young people is unsafe, even if they do not progress to future cigarette smoking.2

The story even documents the process by which all the noodles in his life are made, from the fresh, homemade noodles of his youth to the disappointing ones he picks up from a chain restaurant as an adult desperate to recapture that feeling.

Menthol and tobacco-flavored e-cigarettes will remain on the market. Officials say data shows youth are less likely to use those flavors, which serve as an alternative to traditional cigarettes for adults.

The FDA is not permanently halting the sale of all flavored products or cartridge-based vaping products. According to officials, the agency has already started reviewing applications for flavored vaping products. If a company can demonstrate to the FDA that a specific product meets the applicable standard set forth by Congress in the Tobacco Control Act, including considering how the marketing of the product may affect youth initiation and use, then the FDA could authorize that product for sale.

This is, to our knowledge, the first national study to show the increasing popularity of menthol- and mint-flavored e-cigarettes among youth. In this study, the 2016 data showed that menthol or mint flavors were selected much less frequently than fruit- or candy-flavored e-cigarettes by high school students. This is consistent with findings from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (2014-2015, wave 2), which found that mint- and menthol-flavored e-cigarettes were the fourth most popular flavor among youth aged 12 to 17 years.16 Additionally, another study conducted in 2014-2015 found that among youth aged 12 to 17 years, mint/menthol (24%) was ranked the fourth most popular flavor, behind fruit (76%), candy/other sweets (57%), and other (46%).17 However, the current study found a significant increase in reported use of menthol- or mint-flavored e-cigarettes among high school students between 2016 and 2019 to levels near that of fruit-flavored e-cigarettes.

In November 2018, the Food and Drug Administration announced several new steps to protect youth, including restricting sales of flavored e-cigarettes (other than tobacco, menthol, mint, or nonflavored) to physical locations with age restrictions or online with heightened age-verification procedures.18 After that announcement, certain manufacturers announced they would stop selling flavored e-cigarettes, except for mint/menthol.19,20 However, after the announcement, stores could sell any remaining stock of flavored products from these manufacturers; moreover, mint-, menthol-, and tobacco-flavored products continued to be available in retail stores.20 Additionally, flavored pods, in particular, were still available online20 and youth could use compatible nonbranded flavored pods in their devices, consistent with recent reports showing increases in sales of these compatible pods in fruit flavors.21 While data collection for the 2019 NYTS occurred after the announcement by certain manufacturers, supplemental analyses from the 2019 survey showed that most youth users were using flavored e-cigarettes in the spring of 2019, most of whom reported using mint or menthol flavors. The shift in the availability of e-cigarette flavors, due in part to the removal of flavors other than mint or menthol by certain manufacturers, may partially explain the increase in use of menthol- or mint-flavored e-cigarettes over time in this study. However, use of fruit-flavored e-cigarettes remains high among e-cigarette users in both high school and middle school.

Third, information on flavor types used for individual tobacco products cannot be determined for youth who report using multiple flavored tobacco products. Therefore, data on flavor types used were only reported among current exclusive e-cigarette users for the current analysis, which account for approximately two-thirds of all current e-cigarette users.

Fifth, data were collected from youth who attended public or private school; therefore, the findings may not be generalizable to youth who are homeschooled, have dropped out of school, or are in detention centers. However, data from the Current Population Survey indicate that nearly 97% of US youth aged 10 to 17 years were enrolled in a traditional school in 2017.28

Additionally, the survey also shows that high school students who reported being current e-cigarette users also reported using the product more frequently. In the last year, the proportion of those using the product more regularly (on 20 or more of the past 30 days) increased from 20 percent to 27.7 percent, an alarming one-year rise. The 2018 NYTS also found that among high school e-cigarette users, there was a significant increase in current flavored e-cigarette use within the past year, from 60.9 percent to 67.8 percent. Research shows youth and young adults identify flavors as a primary reason for e-cigarette use. Additionally, there is evidence from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study indicating youth who first tried a flavored tobacco product have a higher likelihood of current tobacco use compared to those who first tried an unflavored product.

Tailoring social media, digital resources and web content for parents, teachers, coaches, and other youth influencers, CDC provides states and communities with accurate, actionable, and up-to-date science and information about the risks of e-cigarettes to young people. For example, CDC has a number of online resources explaining the risks of e-cigarettes for youth and ways to prevent youth from using e-cigarettes or to help them stop.

The agency also issued letters in September to five major e-cigarette manufacturers that produce JUUL, Vuse, MarkTen, blu e-cigs and Logic, which, combined, comprise more than 97 percent of the market share for closed-system e-cigarette products. These letters asked the companies to submit to the FDA within 60 days plans describing how each firm will address the widespread youth access and use of its products. The FDA recently met with these companies to discuss not only the potential steps they would take to restrict youth access to, and appeal of, these products, but also the measures they think the FDA and other policy-makers can take to reverse the trends in youth use of e-cigarettes. 041b061a72

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